Is Japanese Encephalitis vaccine necessary for Thailand?
Recommended for persons travelling extensively in rural areas, long-term travellers, and persons on work assignments in endemic areas. The inactivated Vero cell vaccine is available in Canada, the USA and select countries. Booster vaccination is recommended 1-2 years if you are at continued risk of exposure.
Is there Japanese encephalitis in Thailand?
This disease was first recognized in Japan. Currently, it is found widely in East Asia, Southeast Asia and South Asia. In Thailand, high incidence is found where rice and pig farms coexist, especially in Mae Hong Son, Mukdahan, Kamphaeng Phet, Samut Sakhon and Nan provinces.
Which of these is the cost for Japanese encephalitis vaccine?
The individual costs for JE vaccination are $292 per dose, with an administration fee of $46. Short-term treatment of JE costs nearly $30,000, and long-term treatment of JE also comes with a large bill of $8,437. These costs are not simply monetary but are also felt in lost economic productivity.
How long does Imojev last?
If long-term protection is required, a booster dose should be given preferably 1 year after the first vaccination. The booster dose can be given up to 2 years after the first vaccination.
How long is JE vaccine good for?
Primary immunisation should be completed at least one week prior to potential exposure to Japanese encephalitis virus. Once you have received both doses, you are protected against Japanese encephalitis for 12-24 months. After one year, you require a booster.
Where is Japanese encephalitis most common?
Japanese encephalitis is a viral brain infection that’s spread through mosquito bites. It’s most common in rural areas in southeast Asia, the Pacific islands and the Far East, but is very rare in travellers. The virus is found in pigs and birds, and is passed to mosquitoes when they bite infected animals.
What vaccinations do I need going to Thailand?
The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccinations for Thailand: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, rabies, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia and influenza.
What are the chances of catching Japanese encephalitis?
The chances of contracting Japanese encephalitis are small, at about 1 in a 1,000,000 chance. However, JE is a serious disease and once contracted, generally 1/3 of people will recover fully, 1/3 will have ongoing neurological issues and 1/3 will die from the disease.
What happens if you get Japanese encephalitis?
In people who develop severe disease, initial symptoms include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, nausea and vomiting. The disease can progress to inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) and is often accompanied by seizures. Coma and paralysis occur in some cases.
How many injections do you need for Japanese encephalitis?
The vaccine is given as an injection. You need 2 doses for full protection. The second dose is given 28 days after the first. People aged 18 to 64 may be given the second dose 7 days after the first.