What was Singapore before 1963?
Colony of Singapore
|Colony of Singapore (1946–1959) State of Singapore (1959–1963)|
|• Merger with the Federation of Malaysia||16 September 1963|
|Currency||British Malayan Dollar (1946-1953) Malaya and British Borneo dollar (1953-1963)|
What was Singapore known as during the 14th century?
During the 14th-century, Singapore was also known as Singapura in the Sejarah Melayu or Malay Annals – meaning “Lion City” in Sanskrit. Tan Sri Buana (also known as Sang Nila Utama) was the man who named the island city as such after a visit in 1299, during which he sighted a “lion”.
Who lived Singapore before 1819?
Singapore Island originally was inhabited by fishermen and pirates, and it served as an outpost for the Sumatran empire of Srīvijaya. In Javanese inscriptions and Chinese records dating to the end of the 14th century, the more-common name of the island is Tumasik, or Temasek, from the Javanese word tasek (“sea”).
When was Singapore first discovered?
In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819.
What was Singapore before it was Singapore?
Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.
When Did Chinese come to Singapore?
Chinese migration to Singapore began in the early nineteenth century and was the result of various push-pull factors. The Chinese who came were mostly from the southern provinces of Kwangtung and Fukien, two provinces that were more receptive to migrating because of their early contact with the British tea traders.
Who founded Singapore?
Widely recognized as the founder of the port city of Singapore, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles’ (1781-1826) path to Singapore wasn’t effortless as one might imagine; and the recounting of his contribution would not be accurate without mentioning the other founder – William Farquhar (1774-1839), a native born Scotsman.