How bad is Indonesia deforestation?
The country lost 115,459 hectares (285,300 acres) of forest cover in 2020, an area the size of Los Angeles. That’s a 75% drop from 2019, according to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry.
What is the main reason for deforestation in Malaysia and Indonesia?
Declining forest cover is mainly due to urbanisation, agricultural fires, forest conversion for plantations and other forms of agriculture. Logging is also responsible and green groups have blamed local timber companies for failing to practice sustainable forest management.
How is Indonesia tackling deforestation?
Compared to other tropical countries, Indonesia has made strong progress in reducing deforestation in recent years. … A moratorium policy that bans the clearing of primary forests and peatlands has also proven effective, achieving a 45 percent drop in deforestation inside moratorium areas in 2018 compared to 2002-2016.
Why was Borneo deforested?
But in the last century, the world’s third-largest island (shared by Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei) has lost a significant portion of its forests to fire, illegal logging and the expansion of palm oil and pulpwood plantations. … Oil palm plantations are the main driver of deforestation in Borneo.
How many trees are cut down in Indonesia?
Although estimates vary widely, conservative studies suggest more than a million hectares (2.4 million acres) of Indonesian rainforest is cleared and lost each year, with about 70% occurring in forests on mineral soils and 30% on carbon-rich peatland forests.
How much of Indonesia is deforested for palm oil?
Using satellite imagery, sustainability risk analysis organization Chain Reaction Research (CRR) found that 58% of the 38,000 hectares (93,900 acres) of deforestation for oil palm plantations in Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea occurred in the concessions of 10 companies in Indonesia.
What are causes of deforestation?
Deforestation causes can either be direct or indirect. Among direct causes are: Natural causes as hurricanes, fires, parasites and floods. Human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development.