Why did the British choose Singapore?
By then, Raffles and his party had concluded in a survey that Singapore was an ideal location. Not only did it have abundant drinking water and a natural sheltered harbour formed by the mouth of the Singapore River, the island was also strategically placed along the British trade route leading to the Straits of China.
Why did the British set up a trading post in Singapore?
Most importantly, unlike other islands in the region, Singapore was not occupied by the Dutch. … The British offered to recognise Tengku Hussein as the rightful Sultan of Johor with a yearly payment, in return for the right for the British East India Company to establish a trading post in Singapore.
Did Britain used to own Singapore?
The Colony of Singapore was a British Crown colony that existed from 1946 and succeeded by the State of Singapore in 1959. When the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies at the end of World War II, Singapore was returned to the British in 1945.
Who really founded Singapore?
Modern Singapore was founded in the 19th century, thanks to politics, trade and a man known as Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles.
Why did Raffles want Singapore?
Raffles believed that the British should find a way to challenge the dominance of the Dutch in the area. … British trading ships were heavily taxed at Dutch ports, stifling British trade in the region. Raffles reasoned that the way to challenge the Dutch was to establish a new port in the region.
Why the island of Singapore was so important and why it came under threat in 1941?
Problems with the Singapore Strategy
Britain had been under threat from Germany since war broke out in 1939 and its resources were concentrated on its own preservation. … Japanese aircraft sunk both ships north of Singapore on 10 December 1941. This left the base without significant naval protection.
Why did the British make Singapore a free port?
Raffles devised a set of policies and regulations that outlined the objectives of Singapore’s harbour, helping to establish the settlement as a free port. Singapore was chosen, by virtue of its strategic geographical location, to compete with other ports under the control of the Dutch.
Why Singapore was suitable as a trading port?
Singapore’s excellent location along the Maritime Silk Road meant it was easy for traders to stop by with goods. When Singapore was set up as a free port in 1819, it allowed goods to be traded freely without anyone having to pay heavy fees.
Why was Singapore thought to be an impregnable fortress?
Despite its limited defences, the political leaders and media at the time contributed to the impression that Singapore was secure against any attack. Newspapers referred to Singapore as being a “Gibraltar of the East”, a “fortress” that was “impregnable”, suggesting that the island was virtually impossible to conquer.
How did the British rule Singapore?
In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819. During World War II, Singapore was conquered and occupied by the Japanese Empire from 1942 to 1945.