Which languages have a subjunctive tense?
The subjunctive – sometimes called the “conjunctive” – is found in many European languages – French, Portuguese, Italian, German, and even Welsh, to name just a few. English speakers often struggle to learn it. The subjunctive is a mood, not a tense.
What languages do not have subjunctive?
Slavic languages don’t have the subjunctive as a separate mode (or mood) as we do: present, imperfect and future (for Spanish and Portuguese) subjunctive. The constructions with бы/by are close in meaning to some of the instances of the subjunctive, but are not equivalent in all cases.
Does Vietnamese language have tenses?
Unlike Western languages, Vietnamese doesn’t change the ending of the verb (that is, verbs don’t conjugate) to express when the statement occurs (the statement’s tense). Instead, Vietnamese relies on context to express tense.
Does Russian have subjunctive?
In Russian language, along with verbs of indicative mood there are also verbs of subjunctive and imperative mood. Verbs of subjunctive mood designate actions which one wants to happen, or just possible ones, under certain circumstances.
Does German have a subjunctive?
In German, subjunctive forms are used much more frequently than in English, to express uncertainty, speculation or doubt. Subjunctive forms are commonly used in indirect speech and in conditional sentences. The present subjunctive of weak, strong and mixed verbs have the same endings.
Why does Spanish have the subjunctive?
The subjunctive is used to express desires, doubts, wishes, conjectures, emotions, and possibilities. The subjunctive mood includes many of the same verb tenses as the indicative mood, including the perfect, the past, and the future, which is rarely used in modern Spanish, but good to know for literature.
Does Hebrew have subjunctive?
There is no subjunctive case in Hebrew. Most actions that would be marked as subjunctive in Romance languages (actions that are desired, requested, etc…) are expressed using “שֶֹׁ + עתיד” (she [that] + future).
Does Spanish have a future subjunctive?
In modern Spanish, the future subjunctive has been replaced by the present subjunctive, although the future subjunctive still has some formal legal usage. The future subjunctive is conjugated in the same way as the imperfect subjunctive, except that the -ra- in the ending becomes -re-.
Does Vietnamese have future tense?
Future Tense in Vietnamese
It is only the modifier words “đã” (past), “đang” (present), and “sẽ” (future) that change.
How many pronouns are there in Vietnamese?
The absolute pronoun người ta has a wider range of reference as “they, people in general, (generic) one, we, someone”.
|Second Person||bậu (female to male, literary)||–|
|chàng (female to male, literary)|
|Third Person||y (familiar)||người ta|
Does Vietnamese have auxiliary?
The tense and aspect is not expressed with a suffix and auxiliaries are not used either. Vietnamese relies on the use of a large variety of adverbials and time particles to express what we call tense and aspect in English. It is therefore pointless to speak of verbal forms in Vietnamese.