Quick Answer: What are the three main characteristics of the Philippine criminal law?

What are the characteristics of Philippine criminal law?

Regarding the characteristics of criminal law, they are the following: [1] Generality. The law is binding upon all persons who reside to sojourn in the Philippines, irrespective of age, sex, color, creed, or personal circumstances, subject to the treaty stipulations and laws of preferential application.

What are the three 3 main purposes of criminal law and briefly describe them?

The criminal law prohibits conduct that causes or threatens the public interest; defines and warns people of the acts that are subject to criminal punishment; distinguishes between serious and minor offenses; and imposes punishment to protect society and to satisfy the demands for retribution, rehabilitation, and

What are the important characteristics of criminal law?

They are:

  • Legality–(Accordance with the law)
  • Actus Reus— (Conduct of Crime)
  • Causation— (Action of something)
  • Harm— (Physical or Material damage)
  • Concurrence— (Events of two or more events at the same time)
  • Mens Rea— (Intention of a wrongful act in a part of crime)
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What are the 3 Sources of criminal law in the Philippines?

The sources of procedural criminal law are, besides the Constitution, the revised Penal Code of 1930, the New Rules of Court of 1964 Part III, IV, special laws, certain presidential orders, and letters of instruction.

What are the three theories of criminal law?

Three different kinds of kinds are distinguished as possible for areas of law such as criminal law: nominal kinds, natural kinds, and functional kinds. Three different kinds of theories of areas of law are also distinguished, distinguishing evaluative, explanatory, and descriptive theories.

What are the three sides of the crime triangle?

The Crime Triangle identifies three factors that create a criminal offense. Desire of a criminal to commit a crime; Target of the criminal’s desire; and the Opportunity for the crime to be committed. You can break up the Crime Triangle by not giving the criminal the Opportunity.

What are the 4 main goals of the criminal justice system?

Four major goals are usually attributed to the sentencing process: retribution, rehabilitation, deterrence, and incapacitation. Retribution refers to just deserts: people who break the law deserve to be punished.

What are the main functions of criminal law?

Functions of Criminal Law

  • Maintaining order. Criminal law provides predictability, letting people know what to expect from others. …
  • Resolving disputes. …
  • Protecting individuals and property. …
  • Providing for smooth functioning of society. …
  • Safeguarding civil liberties.

What are the characteristics of criminal?

Characteristics of Crime – Criminal Law Notes

  • Harm should have been caused, mere intention is not enough.
  • The harm must be legally forbidden. …
  • There must be conduct which brings harmful results.
  • Men’s rea or criminal intent must be present.
  • There must be a fusion or concurrence of men’s rea and conduct.
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What is the key characteristic of a criminal trial?

In a criminal trial, a jury examines the evidence to decide whether, “beyond a reasonable doubt,” the defendant committed the crime in question. A trial is the government’s opportunity to argue its case, in the hope of obtaining a “guilty” verdict and a conviction of the defendant.

What is crime criminal law?

crime, the intentional commission of an act usually deemed socially harmful or dangerous and specifically defined, prohibited, and punishable under criminal law. … Most legal systems also classify crimes for the purpose of assigning cases to different types of court.